Moles are caused when cells in the skin (melanocytes) grow in clusters or clumps. Melanocytes are distributed throughout your skin and produce melanin, the natural pigment that gives your skin its color.
- Moles are common small flesh-colored, tan, brown, or black spots on the skin.
- Moles may be flat or raised.
- Sun exposure in childhood causes an increase in the number of moles.
- Most moles appear by age 30.
- Moles may be mistaken for freckles and other skin growths.
- Irregular enlarging moles may either be skin cancer or develop into a skin cancer called melanoma. Skin cancer may at times masquerade or hide as a regular mole.
- A dermatologist should promptly examine irregular or changing moles.
- Minor surgery is the only effective way to remove a mole.
A mole may be removed in several ways:
Laser Mole removal
This is latest way to remove Mole. Moles can be removed from face or body by Q switched Nd:yag Laser.
The area around the mole is numbed, a small blade is used to cut around and under the mole. A technique commonly used for smaller moles. No sutures (stitches) are needed.
Excisional surgery (excision biopsy)
The mole plus a surrounding margin of healthy skin is cut out using a scalpel or a punch device. Sutures are required.